24                                                                                                                              HERBS OF SIDDHA MEDICINE
ANDROGRAPHIS PANICULATA                                                      epyNtk;G

In other languages: Tamil: nilavEmpu; chirat kuchchi; kaaNdakam Telugu: nelavemu Hindi:
Malayalam: nilaveppa Sanskrit: kirathathikta Kannada: nelavepu English: Indian chiretta
Family: Acanthaceae (Mlhnjhilf; FLk;gk; adaathodaik kudumpam) Parts used: leaves; bark
Taste: bitter        Nature: hot        Division: hot
Action: stomachic; alterative; tonic; stimulant
Phytochemicals:        Plant:        lactones-andrographolide,        14-deoxy-11, 12-didehydro-
andrographolide,        14- deoxy-11-oxo-andrographolide,        14-deoxyandrographolide,        
irridoid        glucoside,        glucoside neoandrographolide etc. Root: andrographin, panicolin,
apigenin, andrograpane. Leaves: acids.
Description:  The Andrographis paniculata is known as ground neem and is very widely used
by Tamils for many centuries. Its stem is dark green, 30 to 100 cm in height, 2 to 6 mm in
diameter, quadrangular with longitudinal furrows and wings on the angles of the younger
parts, slightly enlarged at the nodes. Its leaves are glabrous, up to
8 cm long and 2.5 cm broad, lanceolate and pinnate. Its flowers are  small,  in  lax  spreading  
axillary  and  terminal  racemes  or panicles.  The  flowers  are  white  with  rose-purple  spots  
on  the petals. The capsules are linear-oblong, acute at both ends, 1.9 cm by  0.3  cm  with  
numerous  seeds   that  are  sub  quadrate  and yellowish brown in color. The whole plant is
bitter in taste. The dried stems are sold in market (see the adjacent figure). The plant is much
valued for its stomachic and tonic properties. Mixed with other drugs it is successfully used in
general debility and convalascense after fevers. In fact the author has  used this plant to cure
very effectively the recently outbroken
chickungunya disease.  The old Siddha text says:

Method of Use:
Give about 10ml of the juice of the leaves of Andrographis paniculata to children for curing
loose motion and
flatulence [“vayitRup porumal” in Tamil].
2). Take  15  grams of  the  bark  of  Andrographis paniculata;  195  milligram  of  the  skin  of  
citrus ourantifolia (“kichchilip pazham” in Tamil) and 195 milligrams of coriander seeds. Put
them all in 100 milliliters of very hot water and keep them all soaked for about half an hour.
Then filter and drink at a time 30 milliliters for three times a day. This will cure fever due to wind
humor; cold and giddiness.
(3). Take 10 grams each of the following: Andrographis paniculata; veti ver; vilaamichchu root;
sandal powder; wild Trichosanthes anguina (“paeyp pudal” in Tamil); Cyprus rotundas
(“kOraik kizhangu” in Tamil); dried ginger and Mollugo cerviana (“paRpaadakam” in Tamil).
Grind and pulverize them all and mix well. Take about 10 grams of the powder and put in 100
milliliters of water and boil till the volume is reduced to half. Filter and drink. Take three times a
day and for three days. This will cure malarial fever; typhoid and pneumonia. This is good for
fever attended with cold and shivering.
(4). Take 35 grams of Andrographis paniculata and 5 grams of cloves. Grind and put them in a
liter of water. Boil and keep it for about six hours. Filter and take about 100 milliliters at a time
for two times a day. This will cure indigestion;  ulcer  and periodic fever. Note: During the
period of medication take only liquid diet like gruel and avoiding mustard, gingili oil, coffee, tea
and tobacco.
(5). Take 5 grams of Andrographis paniculata powder along with warm water. This is a
preventive measure from bad effects that may follow due to mosquito bites. This can be done
once in 15 days.
thjRuk; ePNuw;wk; khw;WQ; RuNjhlk;
fhjnkd Xlf; fbAq;fhz;--- khjuNr
gpj;j kaf;fWf;Fk; gpd;Gnjsp itf;nfhLf;Fk;
Rj;jepy Ntk;gpd; njhopy;.
It removes fever due to wind and relieves cold
And evil influence of fever will all be driven out
It clears giddiness caused by bilious affections
It is Andrograpis paniculata swear by profession.
Dr.J.RAAMACHANDRAN                                                                                                                                        25
NOTE: The top photo is in 2dimension while the bottom one can be viewed in 3
dimensions. However, you need a special glass for viewing which is provided
along with the book when you buy the book.